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Poverty alleviation work of Gongbo gyamda County

By Zhu Nan Source:China Tibet News 2018年12月28日 10:19

Since the implementation of the poverty alleviation strategy in Gongbo gyamda County, Nyingchi City, southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region, more than 4,300 poor people have been lifted out of poverty, and the income of nearly 30,000 farmers and herdsmen has been increased.

Gongbo gyamda County relies on the poverty alleviation system and a series of measures to support poverty alleviation work. It has also implemented the responsibility system and established the assessment mechanism for poverty alleviation, and all departments at all levels have signed the letters of responsibility to clarify the division of responsibilities. All towns and units have formulated the assistance programs, focusing on helping the poor solve problems. In addition, Gongbo gyamda County has also attached great importance to improving the comprehensive quality and ability of cadres, carried out education training, and established the assessment mechanisms as well as reward and punishment mechanisms.

Relying on the resources superiority, including tourism, Tibetan pig, yak and characteristic handicraft industry, Gongbo gyamda County has formed the unique industrial layout. According to the goal of "leading enterprises in the counties, industrial bases in the towns and cooperative organizations in the villages", Gongbo gyamda County has developed the industries to build an all-round well-off society, according to local conditions.

Feed processing factories, teahouses and other projects with less investment and low risks meet the needs of the masses to increase income. In recent years, Gongbo gyamda County has planned 62 key industrial projects, covering all the poor households in the whole county. The annual per capita income has increased by more than 1,000 yuan (about 145.28 U.S. dollars).

A number of leading enterprises have entered poverty-stricken villages to develop poverty alleviation industries. By means of "leading enterprises + professional cooperatives + poor households", professional cooperatives provide raw materials for enterprises. In recent years, Gongbo gyamda County has newly built 15 farmer and herdsman cooperatives, and cultivated 128 foregoers who lead the villagers to get rich.

On the one hand, Gongbo gyamda County innovates and implements the "quantum meruit" dividend mechanism. On the other hand, the cadres stationed in villages, party branch and village committee carry out the publicity activities on poverty alleviation. At present, the living environment and mental outlook of over 90% of the poor households establishing card for archives have been greatly improved.

Gongbo gyamda County has abundant ecological resources and high vegetation coverage. Developing the eco-tourism industry is an important way to promote economic development and increase people's income. Gongbo gyamda County has combined rural construction and "toilet revolution" with tourism poverty alleviation projects to promote the development of rural tourism, and encouraged farmers and herdsmen to participate in the tourism industry through building tourism cooperatives and guesthouses.

At the same time, Gongbo gyamda County has also organized poor people to participate in skills training to improve their service quality for the tourism industry and guide them to engage in local products sales and other work. Gongbo gyamda County has also developed eco-tourism in Chongsar Town to build a leisure base and built natural garden in Bahe Town.

Tibetan pig industry is the most potential industry in Gongbo gyamda County. At present, 2 original species protection bases, 2 centralized propagation bases and 4 large-scale breeding bases have been built. There are 22 large-scale breeding bases under construction, 15 Tibetan pig breeding cooperatives and 650,000 Tibetan pigs in stock.

At the same time, Gongbo gyamda County is also planning to build an industrial park for Tibetan pig in Bahe Town, as well as quality control center, feed processing base and product research and development center. It is planned to make use of 3 to 5 years to build the Tibetan pig industrial park into an autonomous region level and national level industrial park for characteristic agricultural products, which will promote the development of Tibetan pig industry in the whole nation.

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