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Lhaze develops industries with ethnic characteristics

By Liu Fang, Zhu Nan Source:China Tibet News 2019年10月15日 09:54


Photo shows Palbar(L) and his apprentice Tenzin Lhamo(R)knitting Tibetan carpets. [China Tibet News/Drakpa Wangchen]

"In 2009, Xiema Pulu Farmers' Professional Cooperative borrowed old houses from local primary school as production workshops in Lhaze Town, Lhaze County of Xigaze City, southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region. At that time, the cooperative mainly relied on the workshop-style production mode. In 2017, with the help of departments at all levels, the new cooperative was built with an investment of 7 million yuan RMB. At present, there are 185 people working in the cooperative, which helps poor families get rid of poverty by adopting the management mode of 'branch + farmer + poor household'. The cooperative organizes scattered farmers to cope with the market and improve market competitiveness through unified sales," says Dorje, president of the cooperative.

Palbar, a worker of the cooperative says, "I have been engaged in carpet knitting through family workshop-style production for more than 20 years. When I was 18 years old, I learned knitting skill and knitted carpet for others to support my family. Now, I process raw materials provided by the cooperative in a spacious workshop. Last year, through knitting carpets, my income reached over 20,000 yuan RMB; before, I only made 8 yuan RMB a day. Currently, every household gets an average annual income of 80,000 yuan RMB through knitting carpets or 30,000 yuan RMB through knitting Bangdians (Tibetan women's aprons)."

"After the establishment of the cooperative, I learned the skills from Palbar for free. I'm going to finish my apprenticeship in one year, and earn more money then," says disabled Tenzin Lhamo, a female apprentice of Palbar.

"Our cooperative produces carpets and Bangdians, which are in short supply at the annually commodity fair and Duixie Cultural Festival in Lhaze County in July and December. This year, it generates a profit of 45,000 yuan RMB. Next we will register a trademark," Says Partse, the logistics director of people's government of Lhaze County's Lhaze Town.

At present, Lhaze County has a total of 10 industrial operation projects for poverty alleviation, namely Xiqen Town's wool processing project, Wumuzong Village's Lepu Town family hotels construction project, Zhaxizom Town's Xiema Pulu and Tibetan robe processing project, etc., which have solved the employment problem of over 390 poor people.

Lhaze County is one of the famous Tibetan knife producing places in Tibet and even the whole country. Lhaze Tibetan knife is famed for its sharp edge, fine pattern and complex making technology.

In 2008, Lhaze County's Tibetan metal forging technology (Tibetan knife forging technology) has been listed in the 2nd batch of national intangible cultural heritage list; Pudawa is one of the inheritors of it. In the 15th century, Thangtong Gyalpo, originator of Tibetan opera and a bridge architect gathered a group of blacksmiths including Pudawa's ancestor to build an iron-chain bridge on the Yarlung Zangbo River.

49-year-old Tenzin, as the son-in-law of Pudawa, is the 6th generation inheritor of Lhaze Tibetan knife forging technology. He has learnedall making skills of Lhaze Tibetan knife from Pudawa, and been engaged in this career for 13 years.

There is a thick "knife sales record register" recording the sales situation of the Lhaze Tibetan knife outlet store of Tibetan Knife Professional Cooperative in Lhaze Village. By the end of August in this year, more than 50 Tibetan knives have been sold. Last year, the income of the cooperative reached more than 50,000 yuan RMB. "We can send knives to other places from Lhasa. Real Lhaze Tibetan knives have magnetism, which attracts nails and other ironworks. This is an important method to identify true and false Lhaze Tibetan knives." Danzeng says proudly.

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