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Location: Chinatibetnews>> Culture>> the past
Tubo kingdom:Early history
  2012-Mar-21 Wed

the territory of Tubo Kindom  

 

the written language of Tubo Kingdom

After Songtsan Gambo's death in 650, his grandson Manlhun Mangtsan came to the throne as the little emperor's father, Songtsan Gambo's son, had already passed away. Minister Kartongtsanyusung was appointed to assist the little emperor to handle state affairs. Kartongtsanyusung continued the policy of Songtsan Gambo to consolidate the state. He set up and improved the laws, checked the household register, imposed taxes and coped with internal conflicts. At the same time, he led the army several times to attack the Tukuhun kingdom to take advantage of their internal struggles, even at the cost of causing conflict with the Tang Dynasty, which supported the Tukuhun kingdom. In 667, Kartongtsanyusung died in Tukuhun, and the power of the Tubo kingdom passed into the hands of Kartongtsanyusung's son. In 670, in order to support the Tukuhun kingdom, the Tang Dynasty dispatched over 100,000 soldiers to march toward Qinghai, which the Tukuhun kingdom once ruled. Karqinlin assembled more than 200, 000 Tubo forces to face the challenge.

 

the life of Tubo Kingdom's Aristocracy

 

the image of a Tubo warrior

After Songtsan Gambo's death in 650, his grandson Manlhun Mangtsan came to the throne as the little emperor's father, Songtsan Gambo's son, had already passed away. Minister Kartongtsanyusung was appointed to assist the little emperor to handle state affairs. Kartongtsanyusung continued the policy of Songtsan Gambo to consolidate the state. He set up and improved the laws, checked the household register, imposed taxes and coped with internal conflicts. At the same time, he led the army several times to attack the Tukuhun kingdom to take advantage of their internal struggles, even at the cost of causing conflict with the Tang Dynasty, which supported the Tukuhun kingdom. In 667, Kartongtsanyusung died in Tukuhun, and the power of the Tubo kingdom passed into the hands of Kartongtsanyusung's son. In 670, in order to support the Tukuhun kingdom, the Tang Dynasty dispatched over 100,000 soldiers to march toward Qinghai, which the Tukuhun kingdom once ruled. Karqinlin assembled more than 200, 000 Tubo forces to face the challenge.

At the battle of Dafeichun, on the southern side of Qinghai Lake, the Tang army was overwhelmed. From then on, Tubo took solid control of the area of the Qinghai Lake and in order to gain more economic interest, it further fought with the Tang Dynasty for control of Longyou, the Hexi Corridor and the four towns of Anxi, crucial places along the Silk Road. In 676, Manlhun Mangtsan died and his posthumous child Dosungmang Borgye was named as his successor, while Minister Karqinlin continued de facto rule over the country. But the Kar's monopoly on state power reflected in domineering behavior towards other ministers, aroused resentment among nobles of the Tubo kingdom. At the same time, the supreme power of the Kar's directly threatened royal control. When Dosungmang Borgye grew up, he launched a war against the Kar's from 695 to 698. Karqinlin was defeated at Zongka in Qinghai and committed suicide, while his little brother Zanpo and son Mangbo led his army to surrender to the Tang Dynasty. Zanpo was named as State- Assisting General, the King of Guide, and Mangbo was conferred with the title of An Guogong at first, later promoted to be King of Barchuan for his great feats in war. The Kar's descendants served as officers in the Tang Dynasty for many generations.

Liability:Jim Chan
Source:china tibet news
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